Hackers have to good knowledge in Linux, it has a collection of tools that will use while doing pen-testing.
These are the top 10 Operating Systems used by hackers and penetration testers.
Kali Linux is the most widely used operating systems, developed by Offensive Security as the rewrite of BackTrack, The Debian based OS comes with 500+ pre-installed tools. Kali Linux comes with regular updates, we can use Kali Linux as a Live Machine without Installing.
Download Kali Linux
Parrot Security OS:
Parrot Security Os is a Debian based OS is developed by Frozenbox’s team. it uses MATE as its Desktop environment, it has almost every tool that penetration tester wants, it comes with Anon Surf by this every traffic going from the system will be Anonymous.
Download Parrot OS
Black Arch is a penetration testing distribution based on Arch Linux that provides a large number of cybersecurity tools.it is an open-source distro created especially for penetration testers and security researchers. The repository contains more than 2400 tools that can be installed individually or in a group.
Download: Black Arch
Black Box is an Ubuntu-based Operating system created by Bradley T. Hughes, written in C++, contain complex Original code and freely available under the MIT license, it compatible with both KDE and GNOME
Download Black Box
DEFT (Digital Advanced Response Toolkit ) is a free software based on Ubuntu for uses related to computer forensics and computer security, it first released in 2005.
Download DEFT Linux
Network Security Toolkit:
Network Security Toolkit is a free and open-source computer security and networking tools to perform routine security and networking diagnostic and monitoring tasks. it comes under fedora Linux Distribution
The main intent of developing this toolkit was to provide the security professional and network administrator with a comprehensive set of Open Source Network Security Tools, it can be used as a network security analysis validation and monitoring tool on enterprise virtual servers hosting virtual machines.
Download Network Security ToolKit
Bugtraq was created on November 5, 1993, by Scott Chasin
Available in Debian, Ubuntu, and OpenSUSE, Bugtraq is famous for its electronic mailing list that is purely dedicated to computer security. The issues that are covered are vulnerability discussion, security-related announcements, exploitation methods, etc.
Bugtraq comes with tons of pen testing tools including mobile forensic tools, malware testing tools and other software developed by the Bugtraq-Community.
Samurai Web Testing Framework:
The Samurai Web Testing Framework is a virtual machine, supported on VirtualBox and VMWare, that has been pre-configured to function as a web pen-testing environment. The VM contains the best of the open-source and free tools that focus on testing and attacking websites. In developing this environment, we have based our tool selection on the tools we use in
Download Samurai Web Testing Framework
Pentoo is a Live CD and Live USB designed for Penetration testing and security assessment. Based on Gentoo Linux. Pentoo is provided both as 32 and 64 bit installable live CD. Pentoo is also available as an overlay for an existing Gentoo installation. It features packet injection patched wifi drivers, GPGPU cracking software, and lots of tools for penetration testing and security assessment.
CAINE stands for computer-aided investigative environment, started in 2008, it is a UBUNTU based OS
CAINE is a professional open-source forensic platform that integrates software tools as modules along with powerful scripts in a graphical interface environment. Its operational environment was designed with the intent to provide the forensic professional with all the tools required to perform the digital forensic investigation process.